**Power**

Electricity is generally used to do some sort of work, such as turning a motor or generating heat. Specifically, power is the rate at which work is done, or the rate at which heat is generated. The unit commonly used to specify electric power is the watt. In equations, you will find power abbreviated with the capital letter P, and watts, the units of measure for power, are abbreviated with the capital letter W. Power is also described as the current (I) in a circuit times the voltage (E) across the circuit. Equation (1-6) is a mathematical representation of this concept.

Using Ohm’s Law for the value of voltage (E),

E = I x R

and using substitution laws,

P = I x (IxR)

power can be described as the current (I) in a circuit squared times the resistance (R) of the circuit. Equation (1-7) is the mathematical representation of this concept.